9. Citizenship

Obtaining Australian Citizenship is a 4 step process;

  1. Application
  2. Interview
  3. Test
  4. Ceremony

There are various ways of applying for Australian Citizenship. They are listed below.

  • Child adopted outside Australia by an Australian citizen
  • Child aged 15 years or under or an unaccompanied minor
  • Child aged 16 or 17
  • Child born outside Australia to an Australian citizen
  • Child of a former Australian citizen
  • Commonwealth Child Migration scheme arrival
  • Migrant with permanent residence
  • New Zealand citizen living in Australia
  • Person born in Papua before independence in 1975
  • Resume Australian citizenship
  • Spouse or partner of an Australian citizen
  • Refugee and humanitarian entrants

You can also apply:

  • for evidence of Australian citizenship
  • to renounce Australian citizenship
  • for confirmation of the Australian citizenship status of a deceased person

The most common Australian Citizenship application is for new migrants AND eligible New Zealand citizens residing in Australia [‘Migrant with permanent residence]
To be eligible you must be;

  • be a permanent resident
  • meet the residence requirements
  • be of good character
  • intend to live or maintain a close and continuing association with Australia
Step 1 – Eligibility

General eligibility criteria for Australian citizenship, that is, you:

    are a migrant who is a permanent resident

  • satisfy the residence requirement (see Step 2)
  • are likely to reside, or to continue to reside, in Australia or to maintain a close and continuing association with Australia, and
  • are of good character.
Step 2 – Residence requirement

The residence requirement is based on the time you have lived in Australia and the time you have spent outside Australia
General residence requirement
Permanent residents must:

  • have been living in Australia on a valid Australian visa for 4 years immediately before applying which must include the last 12 months as a permanent resident, and
  • not have been absent from Australia for more than one year in the past 4 years, including no more than 90 days in the year before applying.

Special residence requirements
Special residence requirements may apply to you if:

  • you are seeking to undertake activities that are supported by particular organisations, such as the Australian Olympic Committee, or
  • you have been engaged in particular kinds of work for a total of 2 in the past 4 years, that required you to travel outside Australia.

Defence service requirement
You meet the residence requirement if you have completed relevant defence service, which is if you:

  • were appointed, enlisted or transferred into any of the permanent forces or reserves of the Commonwealth of Australia, and
  • have served 90 days in the permanent forces, or
  • have served a total of 90 paid service days in the navy, army or air force reserve, or
  • were discharged from defence service as medically unfit for service as a result of that service.

For more detailed information please contact us.